NAME
Mason Frank Chronister
NICKNAME
MCSN
O-6617
HOME OF RECORD
1212 North Montford Avenue, Baltimore, MD
NEXT OF KIN
Mother, Mrs. Anna Chronister
DATE OF BIRTH
December 31, 1917
DATE OF ENLISTMENT
July 19, 1940
DATE OF LOSS*
June 17, 1942
REGION
Philippines
CAMPAIGN / AREA
Cabanatuan Camp #1
CASUALTY TYPE
Died as POW
UNIT
B/1/4th Marines
DUTY
CIRCUMSTANCES OF LOSS
Lieutenant Chronister was captured in the fall of Corregidor on 6 May, 1942. He was interned at Cabanatuan Camp #1, Luzon province.
On 12 June 1942, Filipino guerrillas ambushed a Japanese truck near Cabanatuan. Lieutenant Chronister was among those wounded in the attack; he died of bullet wounds in a Japanese military hospital and was buried locally.
INDIVIDUAL DECORATIONS
Purple Heart, Prisoner of War Medal
LAST KNOWN RANK
First Lieutenant
Captain (posthumous)
STATUS OF REMAINS
Buried on Japanese hospital grounds, Cabanatuan.
Not Recovered.
MEMORIALS
Manila American Cemetery

Biography:
Temporarily removed for editing and updating. Contact the webmaster for information on this Marine.

* The circumstances and date of Lieutenant Chronister’s death are contested by various sources.

June 17 1942 is agreed upon by the American Battle Monuments Commission, Chronister’s Prisoner of War Medal citation, and Martin Christie’s authoritative roster of the 4th Marine Regiment. Christie’s roster suggests Chronister was fighting *as* a guerrilla, rather than killed *by* a guerilla.

The Fourth Marines Roster has Chronister “killed by guerrilla” on 23 June, 1942.

The Baltimore Sun on 29 January 1944 stated Chronister died on 15 December 1943, but “circumstances of his death were not disclosed.” A much later article in the same newspaper claimed that Chronister’s cause of death was a beating by guards.


Articles and Records:


POW hospital records, uploaded to Chronister’s FindAGrave memorial by user John Bear.

Photo Gallery:

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