Mason Frank Chronister
|HOME OF RECORD
1212 North Montford Avenue, Baltimore, MD
|NEXT OF KIN
Mother, Mrs. Anna Chronister
|DATE OF BIRTH
December 31, 1917
|DATE OF ENLISTMENT
July 19, 1940
|DATE OF LOSS*
June 17, 1942
|CAMPAIGN / AREA
Cabanatuan Camp #1
Died as POW
|CIRCUMSTANCES OF LOSS
Lieutenant Chronister was captured in the fall of Corregidor on 6 May, 1942. He was interned at Cabanatuan Camp #1, Luzon province.
On 12 June 1942, Filipino guerrillas ambushed a Japanese truck near Cabanatuan. Lieutenant Chronister was among those wounded in the attack; he died of bullet wounds in a Japanese military hospital and was buried locally.
Purple Heart, Prisoner of War Medal
|LAST KNOWN RANK
|STATUS OF REMAINS
Buried on Japanese hospital grounds, Cabanatuan.
Manila American Cemetery
Temporarily removed for editing and updating. Contact the webmaster for information on this Marine.
* The circumstances and date of Lieutenant Chronister’s death are contested by various sources.
June 17 1942 is agreed upon by the American Battle Monuments Commission, Chronister’s Prisoner of War Medal citation, and Martin Christie’s authoritative roster of the 4th Marine Regiment. Christie’s roster suggests Chronister was fighting *as* a guerrilla, rather than killed *by* a guerilla.
The Fourth Marines Roster has Chronister “killed by guerrilla” on 23 June, 1942.
The Baltimore Sun on 29 January 1944 stated Chronister died on 15 December 1943, but “circumstances of his death were not disclosed.” A much later article in the same newspaper claimed that Chronister’s cause of death was a beating by guards.
Articles and Records: